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Primary Insomnia


Primary insomnia is characterized by a few conditions. A person who has primary insomnia has been through at least a month of problems getting to sleep or staying asleep. Or a person who has ineffective sleep (non-restorative). The person also has to display daytime fatigue to the extent that his basic functions are impaired during the day.

Primary insomnia is a form of insomnia that is not the end result of medical, psychiatric or environmental elements. Some medication side effects include restlessness.

Primary insomnia consists of 3 groups of insomniacs. Psychophysiological, idiopathic and sleep state misperception are the three forms of primary insomnia.

Psychophysiological insomnia is associated with the stress level of the person. Generally the stress, tension and anxiety results in poor sleep patterns such as waking up frequently or having problems getting to sleep. These are people who have had good sleep patterns before the stress element invaded their circadian rhythm. In most people, once the stress is eliminated, so is the insomnia. There are some people who because of the stress and the length of time the stress kept them awake, developed bad sleeping habits. The difficulty in sleep starts to be a stress in itself. This can result in learned insomnia or behavioural insomnia.

Idiopathic insomnia is usually a lifelong problem. Although rare, it does happen. It usually happens because of a lesion on the area of the brain that is responsible for arousal. Any neurological abnormality can affect the sleeping waking cycle.

Sleep state misperception is a condition where the subject complains of insomnia although there is no proof of it. Kind of like dreaming you are awake.

Symptoms of psychophysiological may be mild or severe. The sleeplessness can either be trouble initiating sleep or frequently waking up during their sleep. Often these people will have the ability to sleep anywhere except for their bedroom. The psychological profile of a person that suffers from phychophysiological insomnia is usually a person that is more tense and harder to satisfy. They usually are repressors or people who hide their feelings.

Idiopathic insomnia symptoms are usually of a long standing basis. Typically the problem shows up originally in early childhood. People with this form of insomnia frequently complain of low attention levels, poor concentration and or hyperactivity. They, like their psychophysiological insomnia cousins also repress feelings and deny problems. Idiopathic insomniacs regularly suffer for their whole lives. This condition is made worse by stress.

Sleep state misperception symptoms usually manifest themselves as complaints of insomnia while the person is sleeping normally. This condition is usually referred to as sleep hypochondriasis. This condition can be so severe that it leads to depression and anxiety.

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